Diabetes has been known to cause other complications such as damage to the eyes, heart, kidney, nerve, and weaken the immune system. A weakened immune system due to the risk of diabetes is associated tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis (TB) were first known as TB, is a contagious infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This disease most often affects the lungs, although in rare cases may invade other organs.
People infected with TB will develop symptoms such as a cough that usually accompanied with bloody sputum, drastic weight loss, tiredness, fever, night sweats, chills, and loss of appetite.
The number of TB patients in the world reaching more than 9 million people and caused the deaths of more than 1.5 million patients. World Health Organization, WHO, has recently conducted a study that states that may increase the risk of TB in people with diabetes.
The study included 552 TB patients, the number of patients it was found that 243 of them had diabetes, which mostly dominated by men and people aged over 50 years.
According to the WHO World TB Report recently stated that people whose immune systems are weak, such as chronic diseases such as diabetes, are at higher risk for developing latent tuberculosis to tuberculosis.
Latent TB is a condition in which a person has developed TB infection, but the bacteria in the body in an inactive state and cause no symptoms. People who are infected with latent TB have a lifetime risk for developing TB.
WHO states that people with diabetes have a risk of 2 to 3 times greater risk of developing a latent TB when compared with people who do not have diabetes.
Patients with diabetes are diagnosed with TB have a higher risk of death during TB treatment. Therefore, it is very important for people with diabetes to get regular screening for TB before it is too late.
“The majority of patients with diabetes who develop TB diagnosed late. Early detection can help to optimize the treatment and control them,” said Dr. Anoop Misra, of Fortis Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, as reported health.india, Monday (10/22/2012).