Human liver has many functions, over 500 liver functions. Some liver function among others neutralize toxins in the body as the organ that controls fats, amino acids and sugars in the blood, fight infection, processed foods that have been completed digested by the small intestine, regulate bile, produce enzymes and proteins that are useful for a variety of processes in the body such as the blood clotting process and repair damaged tissue.
Liver function usually remains will function properly regardless of the age factor. However, some of the “enemy” that can damage the liver, among others due to excessive alcohol consumption, fatty liver and hepatitis virus that attacks the liver. Early detection can save on liver function in order to keep the liver function.
Examination of Liver Function
Examination of liver function generally include Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Aspartarte aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT or gamma GT), bilirubin, albumin, prothrombin mass inspection (PT) and International Normalised Ratio ( INR).
Each inspection is a guide to see if there is a problem in liver function or not. Want to know the results of the examination of the previously mentioned are:
1. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and Aspartarte aminotransferase (AST)
Examination Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and Aspartarte aminotransferase (AST) aims to determine the inflammation that occurs in the body. High numbers usually indicate a liver disorder. In patients with hepatitis, ALT values ??20-50 times higher than the normal person. AST high value indicates a disturbance of muscle on one side of the body.
2. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)
Examination of Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aims to determine whether there is a blockage in the bile duct.
3. Gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT or gamma GT)
Examination of Gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT or gamma GT), intended as an indicator for alcohol users. GGT examination is usually performed in conjunction with an examination of ALP to ensure that the rise in the ALP because of problems in the heart, not because of other factors.
Examination of Bilirubin, aims to determine the level of “yellow fever” due to disruption of the liver. High numbers illustrate that the patients had a common disorder characterized by eye and skin becomes yellow.
Albumin Examination, aims to determine the reduction in albumin levels are common in chronic liver disease. However, decreased albumin can also be caused by lack of protein.
6. Mass Prothrombin (PT) and International Normalised Ratio (INR)
Mass Examination Prothrombin (PT) and International Normalised Ratio (INR), intended as an indication of whether liver disease getting worse or not. Increasing numbers indicate chronic disease worse.
If there is suspicion a person has liver cancer, it is necessary to do further tests. For example, examination of the levels of protein in the blood called Alpha fetoprotein (AFP). The increase in the value of AFP shows the severity of cancer that affects the liver, while the decline in the value of AFP showed menjinaknya for successful treatment of cancer. This examination is very important in cancer patients to monitor the effectiveness of the treatment is being done. In patients with biliary cancer, the usual checks are CA 19-9 and CEA.
Routine examination of the liver is very good at making sure that this organ can continue to work optimally. Avoid heartache by doing liver function tests before it’s too late.