Liver function usually remains will function properly regardless of the age factor. However, some of the “enemy” that can damage the liver, among others, due to excessive alcohol consumption, fatty liver and hepatitis virus that attacks the liver. Early examination of liver function can save the heart in order to continue to function.
Examination of Liver Function
Examination of liver function generally include Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Aspartarte aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT or Gamma GT), bilirubin, albumin, prothrombin mass examination (PT) and International Normalised Ratio ( INR).
Each examination is a clue to find out if there are problems with liver function or not. Who want to know the results of examination of the foregoing are:
1. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and Aspartarte aminotransferase (AST)
Examination Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and Aspartarte aminotransferase (AST) aims to determine the inflammation that occurs in the body. High numbers usually be an indication of liver disorders. In patients with hepatitis, ALT values ??20-50 times higher than in normal people. High AST values ??indicate a muscle disorder on one side of the body.
Examination of Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aims to determine whether there is a blockage in the bile ducts.
Examination of Gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT or Gamma GT), intended as an indicator for the users of alcohol. GGT examination is usually performed in conjunction with the ALP examination to assure that the increase in ALP rates due to liver problems, not because of other factors.
Bilirubin examination, aiming to determine levels of “yellow fever” because of liver disorders. A high figure illustrates that patients have the disorder usually characterized by the eyes and skin turn yellow.
Albumin examination, aims to find decreased levels of albumin which is common in chronic liver disease. However, the decrease in albumin can also be caused by protein deficiency.
Mass examination of Prothrombin (PT) and International Normalised Ratio (INR), intended as an indication of whether the liver disease worse or not. Figures show an increase in chronic disease become progressively worse.If there is suspicion the patient has liver cancer, it is necessary to do further tests. For example, examination of protein levels in the blood called alpha fetoprotein (AFP). The increase in the value of AFP suggests the severity of cancer that affects the liver, while decreasing the value of AFP showed menjinaknya for successful treatment of cancer. This examination is very important in cancer patients to monitor the effectiveness of the treatment being carried out. In patients with biliary cancer, the usual checks are CA 19-9 and CEA.Careful examination of the routine very well to ensure that this organ can continue to work optimally. Avoid heartache by doing liver function tests before it is too late.