Dengue Fever – Surely you are not familiar with the disease called dengue fever (DB) or also known as DHF (Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever). Dengue fever is an acute febrile disease caused by dengue virus and are often found in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, especially in the humid rainy season.
Dengue virus is spread by the Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus. There are various symptoms of dengue fever that you can recognize, include the following:
High fever all of a sudden for about 2 to 7 days (38-40 degrees Celsius).
Chills, headache, and there are some cases that have pain when moving the eyes and back pain at the beginning of symptoms.
There are red spots.
Decreased blood pressure that sometimes lead to shock.
Platelets dropped to below 100.000/mm3, as well as an increase in hematocrit of more than 20%.
If it is advanced, usually occurs in the nose and gum bleeding.
Body was sore and the pain in the joints.
Black colored bowel movements and hard.
Usually there will also melena (urine and stools of mucus mixed with blood).
Prevent dengue fever
Until now there is no antiviral drug or vaccine for dengue fever. So the most appropriate action is prevented by controlling the presence of mosquitoes carrying the dengue virus. The steps you can take is as follows:
Prevention of the arrival of mosquito causes dengue fever can be done by draining the bath at least once a week, shut water reservoirs, buried tin cans, and so forth.
You can keep eating fish larvae and bacteria, so the presence of mosquitoes can be suppressed.
It is already familiar to the eradicate the mosquito is by fumigation or fogging. You can also abate powder in places where water reservoirs.
Treat Dengue Fever
If you find some of the symptoms that occur in the condition of your body, you should immediately consult a doctor or visit the nearest hospital. As mentioned earlier that there is no specific medicine to address dengue fever, but here are some tips that can at least be able to cope with dengue fever:
Drink lots of water than the recommended minimum (8 glasses a day). Drinking beverages that contain electrolytes or ions to prevent dehydration from fever. To reduce fever and pain, consume drugs containing acetaminophen as tilenol. A lot of rest.
For patients with dengue fever who had severe levels of illness, it is advisable to undergo inpatient in the hospital, intravenous administration of electrolytes and body fluids as a replacement, as well as blood transfusion due to bleeding that occurs.