HIV

HIV

1. Regarding the outlook Adolescent Sexual Violence in Uganda. Birungi R, Nabembezi D, Kiwanuka J, AFR J AIDS Res .

The authors conducted three focus group discussions (FGD) with adolescents in urban areas in Uganda to find out their views on sexual violence, and to identify how overcome based on their viewpoint.

The data was collected to obtain information about the development of internet-based program for young children, tailored to their needs about HIV information, motivation and life skills. The findings suggest that research informants consider that the violence perpetrated against young adults is a common thing to happen. They also pointed to the confusion behind the violence. They recognize that young people lack the skill to avoid coercion in sexual relationships and feel young people need to be given information regarding the condition of possible violence and its relation to risk of HIV infection. They also want specific skills and empowerment to be able to avoid reporting rape and sexual violence. These findings suggest that young people are open to discussion on this topic and they support the integration of violence reduction strategies in HIV prevention programs targeted at their age group.

2. Young Peoples Sexual acts on the Akha, Northern Laos: Considerations for public health. Sychareun V, Faxelid E, Thomsen S, et al. Cult Health Sex .

By using the techniques of interviews and focus group discussions conducted in the Akha, the area north of Laos, this study explores the understanding of young people in there about indigenous habits in pre-pubertal called Thonh thong (“Penetrate Vagina” / Breakthrough Vagina / BV) for girls and Yaha Heu (“Opening the foreskin” / Open foreskin / OF) for boys, which can be considered mature person.

The study also examines the practice of “Thor Ta Yang” in which a young woman forced to have his first sexual relationship with male visitors who come to the Akha village. The research found many young women who have BV are painful and traumatic. However, because all the Akha people in this research knows that young body would not grow into healthy adults who are interesting and if it does not do the BV and OF, most of them are positive.

Therefore, men and young women at risk of STIs including HIV, because many people outside the entrance to the Akha tribe village. The authors conclude that the Akha villagers should be involved in planning public health strategies that would not conflict with the culture of commitment and dignity, but it may help them avoid exploitation and threats to their health. Such a strategy may be included in sex education programs and encourage delay BV action and OF.

3. Dating and Sexual Relationships in Young Children in Nepal. Regmi PR, van Teijlingen ER, SimkhadaP, et al. JAdolescRes.

This qualitative study aimed to explore whether the dating culture influence sexual behavior of young people in Nepal using the FGD technique followed by 75 and 31 in-depth interviews among young people in Nepal. Young people, both in urban and rural cultures pleased with courtship. Although it is new in Nepal society, but it is well known.

The mass media is considered as a trigger and create an environment that promotes a culture of courtship. Most participants believe that the culture encourages courtship and premarital sexual behavior outside of marriage. The authors support their findings by linking the framework of “developmental maturity” that they were young adulthood. In public health, they recommend the practice of courtship should be discussed in formal and informal education to promote safe sex.

4. Sexual Economy Expanding Throughout the Route 3 in Luang Namtha Province, Laos.Doussantousse S, Sakounnavong B, Patterson I. Cult Health Sex .

With some of the lowest development indicators in Southeast Asia, the remote highlands of Laos is the poorest region. Increased transportation and communication, along with rising incomes, has accelerated the economic growth in traditional farming communities Luang Namtha Province. Interviews and group discussions with young people, women sex workers and health workers showed that the temptation growth new economy, making them leave the work in agriculture (agrarian). Motorbikes and mobile phones has expanded the area of sexual youngsters simultaneously with the rapid international trade and the economy that brings new people into the region. This then raises the issue of health and safety, the risk behaviors including alcohol and sexual practices. The thing to worry about, especially the sexual trade in women-dominated province of the educated young Khmou that provide sexual services in a number of entertainment venues.

5. Factors Associated with HIV Infection in Sexual Experience Among Adolescents in Africa: Analysis of Data. Babalola S. AFR J AIDS Res.

This article discusses the factors associated with HIV status among adolescents aged 15-19 years in 13 African countries. Data obtained from demographic and health surveys or AIDS indicator surveys conducted between 2004 and 2009. HIV prevalence rate among teenagers vary across the country. HIV prevalence is higher among girls than boys. For adolescent boys, circumcision is only significantly associated with HIV status.

Nevertheless, the data indicate that the relationship between male circumcision and HIV status may only be exaggerated. It’s random regional effect becomes insignificant if male circumcision is introduced into the model estimates, this suggests a strong correlation between regional factors not measured by male circumcision. For adolescent girls, two or more sexual partners, sexually active ever since the first-time sex, marital status, household wealth, and for the prevalence of male circumcision demonstrated a strong and positive relationship with HIV status.

In addition, for girls there seems to be an important variable that is measured at the local level that affect the level of HIV infection. Implications of these findings for HIV prevention programs, policies and research discussed in this article.

6. Scare approach in HIV Prevention Messages: Views of Young People in Northern Tanzania. BastienS. AfrJAIDSRes .

The purpose of this study was to determine the views of young people in Tanzania to scare the approach in HIV prevention messages and to identify important contextual factors that influence the views of young people to HIV prevention poster. A total of 10 focus group discussions (FGDs) conducted to investigate the role of scare approach to parallel process model (EPPM) as a guide.

Young children are shown a series of images that contain a message to scare high and low level, then asked questions about HIV and AIDS, as well as perceptions about their vulnerability to HIV infection, the scare of HIV messages and their views and their responses to the message.

Images and messages that are specific to the youth is the highest that can improve their perception of vulnerability to HIV infection, while the descriptions that describe the consequences of HIV infection and messages relating to stigma and discrimination faced by HIV-infected when increasing the perception that greater the severity.

Poster-based information to encourage the success of the response, but no images convince young people that they have the ability to adopt healthy behaviors are recommended. Young people tend to agree with this approach and believe that the scare is an effective approach to HIV prevention efforts. But they also expressed their desire for a more message-based information about how to protect their own.

Finally, a message that is able to arouse a feeling that was developed in accordance with local peculiarities is more reliable compared with a campaign that was developed in large-scale donor-funded. It required the right combination of message that caused fear and efficacy in HIV prevention messages. Further research is needed to better understand how and when the approach was successful or not successful scare in Africa, especially among young people