Headache

Headache

Headache was the most frequent health problems complained of everyone. Different headaches , also different ways of treatment . It is therefore important to recognize the types of headaches .

Here are 5 types of headache are the most commonly occurring and ways of treatment :

1 . Tension headaches
Tension headaches are the types of headaches are the most common . Sufferers will feel constant pain or pressure around the head , especially on the temples or back of the head and neck . Not as severe as migraines , tension headaches usually do not cause nausea or vomiting , and rarely stop daily activities .

Experts believe that these headaches may be caused by contraction of the muscles of the neck and scalp ( including in response to stress ) , and may cause changes in brain chemistry .

Drugs that can help include aspirin , ibuprofen , or acetaminophen ( Tylenol ) .

2 . Cluster headaches
Cluster headaches , which affect more men than women , are recurring headaches that occur in cycles or clusters . These headaches appear suddenly , characterized by severe headaches , debilitating pain on one side , and is often accompanied by watery eyes and nasal congestion or a runny nose on the same side of the face .

During an attack , sufferers often feel restless and could not get comfortable , it is impossible to lay down . The cause is not known for sure , but the researchers are getting closer understanding of cluster headache and know that the hypothalamus ( the area of the brain that controls the autonomic nervous system and regulating hormones , sleep , libido , breathing and other automatic processes of the body ) , become active when a headache occurs , but researchers do not know why .

When activated the hypothalamus during attacks of headache , stimulate neural pathways along the base of the brain , causing eye pain . The blood vessels in the brain ‘s surface to swell , causing the sensation of squeezing .

There is no specific medicine to treat it , but regular medicines for headaches may reduce the frequency and duration of attacks . Reduce drinking alcohol and smoking can reduce headache attacks . Oxygen therapy to breathe pressurized oxygen through a mask for a few minutes , can also help shrink swollen blood vessels . In extreme cases , patients may request to block the operation of the trigeminal nerve , which triggers the pressure in the eye .

3 . Sinus headache
When the sinuses become inflamed , which is often caused by an infection , often also cause pain in the head . This condition is usually accompanied by fever and can be diagnosed by symptoms or the presence of pus which looks through the scope of optical fiber .

Headaches due to sinus infection can be treated with antibiotics , and antihistamines or decongestants .

4 . Migraine Headache
Migraine runs in families and can be diagnosed using specific criteria . Categorized migraine headaches if occurring in at least 5 times a headache, lasting 4-72 hours , the pain occurs on one side , feels throbbing pain in head , moderate to severe pain , pain that is exacerbated interfere with routine activities , accompanied by nausea or vomiting , sensitivity to light and sound .

Migraine with aura can be predicted , such as visual distortion or numbness in the hands . Approximately 15 % to 20 % of people with migraine experience this .

Treatments for migraines include preventive medicine and curative , such as medication non- steroidal anti- inflammatory ( nonsteroidal anti – inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs ) , triptans ( drugs that reduce swelling of blood vessels in the brain ) , opiates , beta- blockers and antidepressants .

5 . Rebound headaches ( rebound headaches )
Overuse of painkillers for headaches ironically it can cause rebound headaches . Causes include free drugs ( without a prescription ) such as aspirin , acetaminophen ( Tylenol ) , or ibuprofen ( Motrin , Advil ) , as well as some prescription drugs .

One theory , too much of the drug can cause the brain to shift into an excited state , triggering headaches . Another theory , rebound headaches are symptoms of withdrawal ( inverse effect ) on the addictive painkiller in blood flow , especially to medications containing caffeine .

To ‘ break ‘ cycle of rebound headaches , sufferers should limit consumption of painkillers . Depending on the drug consumed , the doctor may recommend stopping the medication immediately or gradually reduce the dose .

Stopping painkiller dependence can be not easy , it could be a headache even worse . Sufferers may experience withdrawal symptoms such as nervousness , restlessness , nausea , vomiting , insomnia or constipation . These symptoms usually last 2 to 10 days , but may persist for several weeks .

Your doctor may prescribe a variety of treatments to help relieve the pain and side effects associated with withdrawal symptoms . Dihydroergotamine ( DHE 45 ) , ergot injections , can help relieve headache pain rebound during the withdrawal process .