Global warming sea levels trigger wear and ecosystem changes across the surface of the earth. Worryingly, global warming is causing outbreaks of the bacteria causing the infection spreading further. Fortunately, this outbreak did not occur in Indonesia, but in the countries of Northern Europe.
Population of bacteria that can cause inflammation of the bowel has increased dramatically due to global warming. In a research report published the journal Nature, revealed some evidence that the pattern of warming in the Baltic Sea in southwestern Scandinavia coincided with the emergence of Vibrio infections in Northern Europe.
Vibrio is a group of bacteria that grow in warm and tropical marine environments. These bacteria can cause infections in humans through eating raw or undercooked shellfish and exposure to sea water.
A team of scientists from various institutions from England, Finland, Spain and the United States examined the sea surface temperature records, satellite data, and statistical Vibrio infection cases around the Baltic Sea.
The result found that the number and distribution of cases of bacterial infection in the Baltic Sea region is strongly associated with the peak rise in sea surface temperature. Every year, sea temperatures rise one degree and the number of cases of vibrio rose nearly 200 percent.
“The increase is large we have seen in many cases during the heat wave and tends to show that climate change is affecting the infection,” said Craig Baker-Austin from the Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science from England as reported by MSNBC.com, Monday (23 / 7/2012).
Research on climate conditions indicate that the increase in greenhouse gas emissions globally to sea surface temperature has increased an average of about 0.17 degrees Celsius in 1980 to 2010.
This study focused on Vibrio in the Baltic Sea due to the temperature rise occurs at a rate unprecedented, as many as 0.063 to 0.078 degrees Celsius in 1982 until 2010.
Many marine bacteria thrive in warm water and low salt. Climate change has also led to more frequent rainfall and more severe, thereby reducing the salt content in the sea. Because the ocean temperatures continue to rise and northern coastal areas become less salty, Vibrio bacteria will emerge.
Outbreaks of Vibrio also appeared in temperate and cold regions in Chile, Peru, Israel, northwestern United States and northwestern Spain. This phenomenon can also be attributed to global warming patterns. In fact, Vibrio outbreak that occurred in the colder regions previously categorized as being sporadic, not the result of long-term response to climate change.
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